One of the foremost factors militating towards the development of sports in Nigeria is the loss of powerful control. Loads of answers are being proffered via involved and patriotic Nigerians each day to bail us out of the quagmire. Certainly, one such solution is this article entitled “Modern Traits in Sports Activities Administration and Management.” It’s written by Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human Kinetics and Fitness Schooling, School of Training, College of Lagos, Nigeria, a researcher and academic representative. I was invited by the author and the University to check the book while it was supplied to the general public in Nigeria on December four, 2008.
In keeping with Awoyinfa, It’s far a truism everywhere globally that sport is now a reference problem that may not be noted in various sectors of the financial system and spheres of life. The author adds that this text thus takes a critical look at topical issues in sports Management and control, living on theories and principles of Cutting-edge Trends in Sports Administration and management consisting of management, enterprise, planning, Motivation, and many others. The textual content includes 16 chapters. Bankruptcy one is christened “the idea of sports control.” Right here, Awoyinfa says management is a concept that implies various things to one-of-a-kind human beings at distinct instances due to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that control has been described as an art, a technology, someone or human beings, an area, and a technique.
This writer expatriates that as an art, sports activities control is all approximately sporting out sports organizational functions and duties via humans; at the same time, as a science, sports management is about organizing sports activities philosophy, laws, theories, ideas, approaches, and practices. As an enterprise, In keeping with him, sports activities control is defined as a way of creating formal systems and an establishment based totally on an undertaking, objectives, goals, features, and obligations.
Awoyinfa says that as someone or an organization of human beings, sports management can also confer with the top alone or with all the senior workforce, committee, etc.; even as a discipline, management is a subject of at diverse topics and issues. The author illuminates that sports activities management as a technique is a systematic way of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights management capabilities in sports activities management as planning, organizing, staffing, directing/leading, controlling, coordination, budgeting, and evaluation. On who a sports activities manager is, this author educates that a sports activities manager is all people at any stage of a game company who directs the efforts of different people closer to fulfilling organizational goals game-clever.
Bankruptcy is primarily based on the evolution and development of sports activities control concepts. Awoyinfa discloses that the product of the mind on sports activities management dates back to when humans first tried to perform desires by running collectively in a collection. In his words, “There has been critical thinking and theorizing about coping with a few years earlier than the sunrise of the 20th (20th) century, which marked the beginning of Cutting-edge sports activities management idea. Fundamental efforts to broaden theories and concepts of sports management commenced in the early 20th (20th) century with Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The commercial revolution of the 19th (19th) century possibly supplied the climate for this very extreme theorizing.”
Awoyinfa provides that since the turn of the twentieth century, writers on sports management and commercial enterprise ideas have propounded one-of-a-kind theories to manage paintings and personnel more effectively and successfully. This writer educates that the three fundamental schools of management thought are: classical, human behavioral, and integrative. Awoyinfa additionally highlights early sports activities control theorists, ideas and traits of medical control, appraisal of the medical management idea, and so on. on this Bankruptcy.
Bankruptcy three is thematically labeled “principles of sports activities control.” In this Chapter, the educational representative explains that sports activities ideas are the fundamental legal guidelines on which the exercise of sports management is constructed. He provides that control principles ought t be based totally on widespread phrases for them to be relevant inside game enterprises of various sizes and characters. “Modern sports activities managers and administrators are anticipated to pick out and use good ideas that apply to precise situations. This is because no unmarried precept can fit all administrative situations,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the fundamental standards of sports activities are the ones applicable to all sports activities corporations. Because of their widespread acceptability, they may be every so often called “normal ideas of sports activities management.” This creator expatriates that some of these ideas are: responsibility, the delegation of authority, and conversation. Regarding humanitarian concepts of sports activities control, Awoyinfa identifies those as democracy, justice, human relations, sympathy, empathy, attention, and humility.
In Chapter four, based on the idea of behavioral and motivational theories in the sports organization, the writer says humans are specific creatures as they behave differently under exceptional conditions and are in the main difficult to expect. Awoyinfa stresses that when you consider that humans constitute the most important element in a sports organization, sports activities managers want some expertise on why human beings behave in a single way or the other so that they (sports activities managers) can have an impact on people to carry out precisely the way sports activities corporations find suited.
One potent device Sports this writer indicates that may elicit Administration overall Management performance in athletes is Motivation. In his words, “Motivation is something needed in sports activities establishments to make employees carry out. However, it has been a critical and a perplexing challenge for sports managers.” Awoyinfa further discusses improvement of motivational standards in sports activities employer; software of motivational theories to sports activities control; strategies of behavior modification, etc., on this Bankruptcy. In chapters five to ten, the author beams his analytical searchlight on difficulty matters along with management strategies in sports corporation; the idea of sports activities employer; setting the layout in sports activities organization; the idea of planning in sports Management; making sports companies extra powerful in Nigeria and staffing in sports businesses.
Chapter 11 is based totally on communication techniques in sports corporations. In line with Awoyinfa Here, the communique is a crucial factor in any organizational effectiveness because businesses can not feature efficiently when communique skills are lacking among participants. “when you consider that communique is the moving spirit in an agency, its absence may additionally make firms standstill,” asserts this creator. In chapters 12 to sixteen, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts including organizational changes and improvement in sports administration; leadership in sports Management and control; Management and management of soccer as a educate; coaching human kinetics and Health Education in faculties and faculties; and corporation and Administration of schools at numerous levels of Education.
As regards mode of presentation, this text rankings a skip mark. As an example, the language is understandable, and the thoughts are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is anticipated, given the author’s twin expert historical past as a lecturer and pastor. To make certain clean have a look at the text on readers’ element, Awoyinfa highlights the targets of each Chapter at the start and ends with assessment/revision questions.
What is extra, he creatively embroiders the textual content with photographs (pages 50, 97, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so forth.) to decorate readers’ know-how through visible communication. Awoyinfa includes references on the cease of every Chapter to fulfill the instructional responsibility of source disclosure and allow readers to read extra. The inclusion of many references additionally confirms the depth of his research. His use of visible difference for the phrase “Modern-day Traits” in the title is emphatically innovative. Supposef chapters clearly certify this newsletter as a compendium of Contemporary solutions to the executive and management problems plaguing our sports activities improvement in Nigeria. In that case, they’re chapters four, eight, eleven, and thirteen. This is because they talk Motivation, making plans, communique, and management, respectively. Meanwhile, the thematically greatest Bankruptcy of all is ChapterFourr. The reality that It is consciously or unconsciously taken to be the best Bankruptcy unearths practical expression inside the deeper verbal exchange and cohesion among its situation depend on the one hand.
The outer front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical picsincludeg intention publish, cyclists racing, a garden tennis participant poised for movement with her bat, sprinters competing,g and footballers struggling for ball possession, on the other hand. Those are pix used for illustration in motivational discourse. However, some errors are observed in this text. The errors are “Acknowledgement” (page iii), in preference to “Acknowledgements”; non-paragraphing of the natural first few paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and 404), rather than “Losing,” etc. these mistakes want to be corrected in the subsequent version.